Information Literacy

Discern your needs, find information, and analyze your data to generate personal and academic knowledge, and then share that knowledge with others.

STEPS TO BE INFORMATION LITERATE [PROVIDED BY THE AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION]:

The information literate student determines the extent of the information needed.

  • The information literate student defines and articulates the need for information. 
  • The information literate student identifies a variety of types and formats of potential sources for information.
  • The information literate student considers the costs and benefits of acquiring the needed information.
  • The information literate student reevaluates the nature and extent of the information need.

The information literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently.

  • The information literate student selects the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval systems for accessing the needed information.
  • The information literate student constructs and implements effectively designed search strategies.
  • The information literate student retrieves information online or in person using a variety of methods.
  • The information literate student refines the search strategy if necessary.
  • The information literate student extracts, records, and manages the information and its sources.

The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.

  • The information literate student articulates and applies initial criteria for evaluating both the information and its sources.
  • The information literate student compares new knowledge with prior knowledge to determine the value added, contradictions, or other unique characteristics of the information.
  • The information literate student determines whether the initial query should be revised.

The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.

The information literate student understands many of the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.

  • The information literate student understands many of the ethical, legal and socio-economic issues surrounding information and information technology.
  • The information literate student acknowledges the use of information sources in communicating the product or performance.